If the colon cancer is detected in the early stages, there is a higher chance of survival rate. It can be treated effectively with early detection so the best treatment of colon cancer is to get a regular check-up done especially if you have a family history of it.
Treatment Options for Colon Cancer:
Based on the size of the cancer, site, overall general health, and in what stage the cancer has been detected will play an important factor into determining what type of treatment will be provided. The most common treatment of colon cancer is surgical elimination often followed by chemo. Surgical removal of cancer in the colon often results in a permanent or temporary colostomy. In several cases, if the cancer is not caught at start, the surgeon will have to eliminate quiet a large section of the colon leading to the necessity of a permanent colostomy bag.
If there is any possibility that cancer cells have been missed or thought to be in other areas of your body; then chemotherapy may be used post-surgery. Either through an intravenous or through a pill form, the chemotherapy medications are administered. The medication kills and controls cancerous cells. At certain times; the doctor may prescribe chemotherapy to eliminate the cancer; especially if the cancer is diagnosed at an early stage.
Biological therapy works with the patient’s immune system to remove cancer cells. At present there are several different types of biological therapy that are being tested such as interleukins, interferons, monoclonal antibodies, colony stimulating factors, gene therapy, vaccines, and nonspecific immune-modulating agents. This therapy can be used in combination of more conventional means of therapy, or basis on the stage. These therapies are used to discontinue the development of cancer cells, or regulate or overpower the development.
To control malignant cancer cells either before or after surgery radiation therapy is used. It can also be done exclusively if the colon cancer is detected in the early stage. Before surgery, it is generally used to manage and minimalize the size of the tumor to make elimination of the tumor simpler. After surgery it is used to eliminate any existing cancer cells that may still be existent. The ionized radiation is implemented directly to the tumor and a minor amount of the nearby healthy tissue to make sure that the entire tumor is treated.
Dr. Lisa Marie Cannon, the renowned New Jersey-based board-certified physician says that if faced with colon cancer you should educate yourself to all of the choices available to you and understand them in detail from your doctor. If you fall in the risk factors of colon cancer such as past history of cancer, in the age group of 50 and above, family history, or other colon and rectal related issues make sure you get checkups on a regular basis.
Dr. Lisa Marie Cannon fosters and enhances colorectal education for surgical residents and medical students and has an intense curiosity in progressing patient safety and surgical quality with a stress on interdisciplinary team communication and patient handoffs.